Dracula (Vlad Tepes) in istoria noastra !
Following the publication of In Search of Dracula by Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally in 1972, the supposed connections between the historical Transylvanian-born Vlad III Dracula of Wallachia and Bram Stoker’s fictional Dracula attracted popular attention. During his main reign (1456–1462), “Vlad the Impaler” is said to have killed from 20,000 to 40,000 European civilians (political rivals, criminals, and anyone else he considered “useless to humanity”), mainly by using his favourite method of impaling them on a sharp pole. The main sources dealing with these events are records by Saxon settlers in neighboring Transylvania, who had frequent clashes with Vlad III and may have been biased. Vlad III is revered as a folk hero by Romanians for driving off the invading Turks. His impaled victims are said to have included as many as 100,000 Turkish Muslims.Historically, the name “Dracul” is derived from a secret fraternal order of knights called the Order of the Dragon, founded by Sigismund of Luxembourg (king of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor) to uphold Christianity and defend the Empire against the Ottoman Turks. Vlad II Dracul, father of Vlad III, was admitted to the order around 1431 because of his bravery in fighting the Turks. From 1431 onward, Vlad II wore the emblem of the order and later, as ruler of Wallachia, his coinage bore the dragon symbol. The name Dracula means “Son of Dracul”.
Stoker came across the name Dracula in his reading on Romanian history, and chose this to replace the name (Count Wampyr) that he had originally intended to use for his villain. However, some Dracula scholars, led by Elizabeth Miller, have questioned the depth of this connection. They argue that Stoker in fact knew little of the historic Vlad III except for his nickname. There are sections in the novel where Dracula refers to his own background, and these speeches show that Stoker had some knowledge of Romanian history. Yet Stoker includes no details about Vlad III’s reign and does not mention his use of impalement. Given Stoker’s use of historical background to make his novel more horrific, it seems unlikely he would have failed to mention that his villain had impaled thousands of people. It seems that Stoker either did not know much about the historic Vlad III, or did not intend his character Dracula to be the same person as Vlad III.
Simbolul Ordinului era Dragonul. Principalele scopuri ale unor astfel de ordine fraternale erau protejarea intereselor catolicismului şi cruciada contra turcilor otomani. Datorită apartenenţei sale la Ordinul Dragonului, tatăl lui Vlad „Ţepeş“ era supranumit şi Vlad Dracul, „drac“ păstrând la acea vreme şi semnificaţia de dragon. Ca fiu al lui Vlad al II-lea Dracul, Vlad al III-lea a fost supranumit şi „Drăculea“, termen utilizat de însuşi Vlad Ţepeş în corespondenţa oficială.
Porecla “Ţepeş” i s-a atribuit lui Vlad al III-lea de pe urma execuţiilor frecvente prin trasul în ţeapă, pe care acesta se pare că le ordona. Chiar şi turcii îl denumeau Kazikli Bey, (însemnând Prinţul Ţepeş). Acest nume a fost utilizat pentru prima oară într-o cronică valahă din 1550 şi s-a păstrat în istoria română.
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